There are many different ideas when it comes to figuring out how to train your dog. Some may work better than others, and that may partly depend on your specific dog and its personality. One way to train your dog is using the positive reinforcement theory, and this is how it all works.
The basic idea of this theory is that you love your dog, and you want your dog to really know just how much you love them. If they know you love them, and that you are going to reward them in some form when they are doing things correctly and following your rules, they are much more likely to want to obey. They love you too, and they want to show that. They can just get a little off track from time to time, but this theory may be your answer to solving that issue.
With this theory, when you dog is exhibiting good behavior, you are going to want to reward them. That reward can come in many different forms, and you can decide what will work best for both you are and your dog. Some ideas are treats, a favorite chew toy, or even a good petting. Make sure it is something your dog enjoys, or else they will not care about earning the reward. On the other hand, bad behavior is basically ignored. As stated, you are making sure your dog knows how much you love them and showing them that love whenever they are being good. Punishing your dog for bad behavior is not the point. However, when your dog notices that they are not getting any love, affection, treats, or any sort of reward, they will likely stop that particular behavior as it has no benefit for them.
There are many that say this technique will not work because of the lack of punishment for bad behavior. It is fairly easy for your dog to figure out the things that are good since they will receive immediate praise and rewards. However, since nothing happens when they are exhibiting bad behavior, some may argue that they will not be able to figure out which behaviors are bad. And, if they cannot figure out which behaviors are bad, then they will not ever stop them. This may be the case for certain dogs, but it can still be worth trying to see what works for you and your dog. This is an especially good approach for dogs that are more timid or dogs that have come from bad previous owners or homes. Those types of dogs are likely having a hard time adjusting anyway, and punishment will not be beneficial for them.
The positive reinforcement theory can be a great tool for some dogs. It will especially be a good thing to try if you are not a fan of punishing your dog. Sometimes punishment can be hard, and you will not have to worry about it with this theory. If you do want to try it, you now know the steps you will need to take.